Minggu, 07 Juni 2009

Making Written Announcement

Announcement is something said, written or printed to make known what has happened or (more often) what will happen.

In writing an announcement, keep the following points :

· The title/type of event.

· Date/time.

· Place.

· Who to contact.

Example of announcement :

School Announcement

Saturday morning basketball matches will begin on Saturday, January 1. the events will run from 09.00 – 11.00am for the next four weeks. The final tournament will be held on February 8. for more information, contact Intan (0857) 1234567.

Kartini’s Day

Monday, April 21, is Kartini’s day. To celebrate it, each class must present a couple of boy and girl. They have to wear and perform the traditional costumes. Also, there will be a cooking competition. Each class present two groups, i.e one group of boys and one group of girls. Each group consist of 3 – 4 students. The categories for judging will be : best of show and creativity. Winners will receive prizes at 02.00pm in the school hall. For more information, please confirm your class teacher.

*don't forget to say THANK YOU


Sabtu, 06 Juni 2009

Expressing Happiness

Happiness is a state of mind or feeling such as contentment, satisfaction, pleasure, or joy. A variety of philosophical, religious, psychological and biological approaches have been taken to defining happiness and identifying its sources.

Philosophers and religious thinkers have often defined happiness in terms of living a good life, or flourishing, rather than simply as an emotion. Happiness in this older sense was used to translate the Greek Eudaimonia, and is still used in virtue ethics. In everyday speech today, however, terms such as well-being or quality of life are usually used to signify the classical meaning, and happiness usually refers[citation needed] to the felt experience or experiences that philosophers historically called pleasure.

While direct measurement of happiness presents challenges, tools such as The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire have been developed by researchers. Positive psychology researchers use theoretical models that include describing happiness as consisting of positive emotions and positive activities, or that describe three kinds of happiness: pleasure, engagement, and meaning.

Research has identified a number of attributes that correlate with happiness. These include relationships and social interaction, parenthood, marital status, religious involvement, age, income (but mainly up to the point where survival needs are met), and proximity to other happy people. Happiness economics suggests that measures of public happiness should be used to supplement more traditional economic measures when evaluating the success of public policy.



-Oh, I'm so happy.

-I can't say how pleased I am.

-I had a splendid time there.

-What a marvelous place I 've ever seen.

-It's an outstanding adventure.

-It's an interesting experience.

-It's a sensational trip.






-That's terrific!

-Smashing (British English)


simple Present and Simple Past

Simple Present


VERB] + s/es in third person


  • You speak English.
  • Do you speak English?
  • You do not speak English.

USE 1 Repeated Actions

Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.


  • I play tennis.
  • She does not play tennis.
  • Does he play tennis?
  • The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.
  • The train does not leave at 9 AM.
  • When does the train usually leave?
  • She always forgets her purse.
  • He never forgets his wallet.
  • Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.
  • Does the Sun circle the Earth?

USE 2 Facts or Generalizations

The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.


  • Cats like milk.
  • Birds do not like milk.
  • Do pigs like milk?
  • California is in America.
  • California is not in the United Kingdom.
  • Windows are made of glass.
  • Windows are not made of wood.
  • New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue.

USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future

Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well.


  • The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.
  • The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM.
  • When do we board the plane?
  • The party starts at 8 o'clock.
  • When does class begin tomorrow?

USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)

Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs.


  • I am here now.
  • She is not here now.
  • He needs help right now.
  • He does not need help now.
  • He has his passport in his hand.
  • Do you have your passport with you?


The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.


  • You only speak English.
  • Do you only speak English?



  • Once a week, Tom cleans the car. Active
  • Once a week, the car is cleaned by Tom.

Simple Past


[VERB+ed] or irregular verbs


  • You speak English.
  • Do you speak English?
  • You do not speak English.

USE 1 Completed Action in the Past

Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind.


  • I saw a movie yesterday.
  • I didn't see a play yesterday.
  • Last year, I traveled to Japan.
  • Last year, I didn't travel to Korea.
  • Did you have dinner last night?
  • She washed her car.
  • He didn't wash his car.

USE 2 A Series of Completed Actions

We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past. These actions happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and so on.


  • I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.
  • He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00.
  • Did you add flour, pour in the milk, and then add the eggs?

USE 3 Duration in Past

The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a longer action often indicated by expressions such as: for two years, for five minutes, all day, all year, etc.


  • I lived in Brazil for two years.
  • Shauna studied Japanese for five years.
  • They sat at the beach all day.
  • They did not stay at the party the entire time.
  • We talked on the phone for thirty minutes.
  • A: How long did you wait for them?
    B: We waited for one hour.

USE 4 Habits in the Past

The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as "used to." To make it clear that we are talking about a habit, we often add expressions such as: always, often, usually, never, when I was a child, when I was younger, etc.


  • I studied French when I was a child.
  • He played the violin.
  • He didn't play the piano.
  • Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid?
  • She worked at the movie theater after school.
  • They never went to school, they always skipped class.

USE 5 Past Facts or Generalizations

The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true. As in USE 4 above, this use of the Simple Past is quite similar to the expression "used to."


  • She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing.
  • He didn't like tomatoes before.
  • Did you live in Texas when you were a kid?
  • People paid much more to make cell phone calls in the past.

IMPORTANT When-Clauses Happen First

Clauses are groups of words which have meaning but are often not complete sentences. Some clauses begin with the word "when" such as "when I dropped my pen..." or "when class began..." These clauses are called when-clauses, and they are very important. The examples below contain when-clauses.


  • When I paid her one dollar, she answered my question.
  • She answered my question when I paid her one dollar.

When-clauses are important because they always happen first when both clauses are in the Simple Past. Both of the examples above mean the same thing: first, I paid her one dollar, and then, she answered my question. It is not important whether "when I paid her one dollar" is at the beginning of the sentence or at the end of the sentence. However, the example below has a different meaning. First, she answered my question, and then, I paid her one dollar.


  • I paid her one dollar when she answered my question.


The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.


  • You just called Debbie.
  • Did you just call Debbie?



  • Tom repaired the car. Active
  • The car was repaired by Tom. Passive


Rabu, 03 Juni 2009

Procedure text

Procedures help us do a task or make something. They can be a set of instructions or directions eg step by step method to germinate seeds. The text below is an example of a procedure. The labels show the structure and language features of procedure text.

Procedures begin by outlining an aim or goal.

Sometimes there is a list of the materials and equipment needed.

The steps are then listed in order.

Example of a procedure: shows the structure and language features of a procedure text.

Writing procedures

When writing procedures you should:

• use present tense eg spray

• include technical terms when you need to eg friable

• use words that tell the reader how, when and where to perform the task eg fill, firmly.

Use the sample procedure to answer the following questions.

1 List two words from the text that are written in present tense.

2 List as many words as you can that indicate how, when and where the task should be carried out.

Check your answers

Practice writing a procedure by writing instructions for someone else to:

• start a lawnmower

• make a banana smoothie

• use a microscope

• your choice.

Write a draft using the procedure sample as a model.


How to Gain People Attention Orally

Express Attention :

1. Attention, please ….
2. May/ can I have your attention, please ?
3. Excuse me.
4. Look here.
5. Listen to me, please!
6. Waiter ?
7. I’m sorry, but….
8. Every body, look here !

Attention to show moment some body. Want to talk the important something or one announcement or to need something.

Example :

Teacher : Attention, please. Today we will watch a movie in the self acces center.
What do you think ?
Students: That’s great !


Making Appointments

Making appointments is a promise that is made by someone in his/ her life to someone or other people.

may refer to a number of things, including the following:
  • An appointment is a time reserved for something such as a doctor visit, much like a reservation.
  • An appointment, in government refers to the assignment of a person by an official to perform a duty, such as a presidential appointment of a judge to a court. This may also happen for an office which is normally elected, but has an unexpected vacancy. A person appointed but not yet in office is a designee.
  • The power of appointment, in law, is the ability of a testator to select another person to dispose of the testator's property.
  • An appointment of clergy, in Christianity, is made by a bishop to a particular ministry setting, particularly in denominations which practice episcopal forms of church government and polity (such as Anglicanism and United Methodist Church.) Typically, a pastor is appointed to a particular church or parish.
  • Appointment is used to describe a system of selecting candidates in which the choice is made by an individual or panel rather than by a poll of the populace in general (election), or through random selection (allotment/sortition) as used to select juries.

Making an appointment ( formal )

1. I’d like to make an appointment with ….
2. I’d like to make an appointment to see ….
3. I’d like you to come and see me ….
4. I want to make an appointment to see ….

Accepting an appointment

1. All right, see you there.
2. No problem, I’m free on.
3. Be there on time.
4. I’ll wait for your there.
5. It’s a deal.

Concelling an appointment

1. I’m sorry, I’m very busy.
2. I’m terribly sorry I have to put off my appointment.
3. I’m affraid, I have to postpone my appointment with tomorrow morning.
Making an appointment is making a plan to do something with someone or people for now or future.

Making an appointment ( informal )

1. Can I come and see you ?
2. I’ll be there ….
3. What about …. ( Thursday ) ?

Changing an appointment

1. Could we change the day ( time) of the meeting ?
2. Would you mind if we change the day of the playing futsal?

Example :

Eri : Rere, I have a serious problem. I need to talk to you. Could we meet today?
Rere : what time ?
Eri : After we have a course.
Rere : Ok, I’ll be there.


How To Invite People Orally

Invitation is expression of to urge someone or other people.

Formula :

Let’s + be +adj
Let’s + V.base + N

1. Let’s speak English !
2. Let’s sing a pop song !
3. Let’s be happy !
4. Let’s be smart !


I’d like to invite you to come to my birthday party.
Are you free on Sunday morning? Would you like to jogging with me?
I was wondering if you’d like to come to my new home this afternoon.
We’re going to have a religious meeting tonight; we’d love you to come.

Question tag

1. A: Let’s go to the beach, shall we ?
B: That’s a good idea.
2. A: Let’s be happy, shall we ?
B: All right.

Example :

1. I’d like to invite you to my birthday party.
Can you drop by my house after school ?
3. Would you like to attend the meeting ?
4. I wonder if you’d like to come to my wedding party.

Invitation is request / ask someone for going to do something.

Kinds of invitation :
1. Spoken
2. Written

Invitation use future tense

Usually in card invitation

1. Purpose
2. Time
3. Place

Example :

Happy birthday card, wedding card, est.

Respon of Invitation:

Receive Invitation :
1. All right
2. I like that
3. I’d love to
4. I’d like to
5. I’d be happy/ glad to accept.
6. Yes, I’d be delighted to.
7. Yes, that would be nice.

Refuse Invitation :
1. I am sorry I can’t
2. I’d like to, but….
3. I am afraid I can’t
4. No, let’s not do it.
5. I’d like to, but I can’t
6. I’m afraid I’m busy.


Milda : Would you like to go camping with us next holiday ?
Elisa : I’d love to.
Milda : Really.
Rere : yes.
Milda : Ok…. I am waiting you in my house, tomorrow.


Would you like to go to cinema with me tonight ?
Would you like +to + V 1 + o/c ?


Thank you. I’d love to.
Yes, thank you. What time?
Sounds great.
That would be wonderful.
All right.
I’d love to, thanks. Where do you want to meet?
I am glad be able to accept.
That’s a good idea. What time do we go?
I will. Thanks for your invitation.


Unfortunately, I won’t be able to come because I have made plans.
I’m sorry, I’m unable to come because I have to go up town.
I’m afraid I won’t be able to accept because I have a business.
Sorry, I can’t because I must be going now.
I’m awfully sorry, I have other plans.
Sorry, I’ve already made plans for Saturday.
Oh darn!! Have to fetch the doctor. My sister is ill.
I wish I could, but I have promised to go with my friend to downtown.
I’d really like to, but I have to finish my job first.


Recount text

The purpose of a recount is to list and describe past experiences by retelling events in the order in which they happened (chronological order). Recounts are written to retell events with the purpose of either informing or entertaining their audience (or both).

Types of Recount

* Personal Recount
These usually retell an event that the writer was personally involved in.

* Factual Recount
Recording an incident, eg. a science experiment, police report.

* Imaginative Recount
Writing an imaginary role and giving details of events, eg. A day in the life of a pirate; How I invented...

Features of Recounts

* focuses on individual participants/events


* the recount has a title, which usually summarises the text
* specific participants (Mum, the crab)
* The basic recount consists of three parts:
1. the setting or orientation - background information answering who? when? where? why?
2. events are identified and described in chronological order.
3. concluding comments express a personal opinion regarding the events described
* details are selected to help the reader reconstruct the activity or incident (Factual Recount)
* the ending may describe the outcome of the activity, eg. in a science activity (Factual Recount)
* details of time, place and incident need to be clearly stated, eg. At 11.15 pm, between Reid Rd and Havelock St a man drove at 140 kms toward the shopping centre (Factual Recount)
* descriptive details may also be required to provide information, eg. He was a skinny boy with a blue shirt, red sneakers and long tied back hair (Factual Recount)
* includes personal thoughts/reactions (Imaginative Recount)


* is written in the past tense (she yelled, it nipped, she walked)
* frequent use is made of words which link events in time, such as next, later, when, then, after, before, first, at the same time, as soon as she left, late on Friday)
* recounts describe events, so plenty of use is made of verbs (action words), and of adverbs (which describe or add more detail to verbs)
* details are often chosen to add interest or humour to the recount.
* use of personal pronouns (I, we) (Personal Recount)
* the passive voice may be used, eg. the bottle was filled with ink (Factual Recount)


Giving Instructions

Asking for Instructions

How do you (do this)?
How do I . . . ?
What is the best way to . . . ?
How do I go about it?
What do you suggest?
How do you suggest I proceed?
What is the first step?

Giving Instructions


First, (you) . . .
Then, (you) . . .
Next, (you) . . .
Lastly, (you) . . .
Starting out
Before you begin, (you should . . .)
The first thing you do is . . . .
I would start by . . .
The best place to begin is . . .
To begin with,
After that,
The next step is to . . .
The next thing you do is . . .
Once you've done that, then . . .
When you finish that, then . . .
The last step is . . .
The last thing you do is . . .
In the end,
When you've finished,
When you've completed all the steps,

Example :

Fold an Origami Seagull

Welcome! Let's play with paper, indulging ourselves in the ancient art of origami! This series of folds makes the Floating Gull. The template follows these instructions (scroll down and get it).

1. Cut the paper to a square along the cut line.
2. Fold on the valley fold line, bringing opposite corners together. In the example, I then turned that fold to be at the top of the picture.
3. Look inside and see the pair of mountain folds that reach from the corner to the sides? Fold the top one (notice that brings an edge of the paper to your valley fold).

4. Then you'll see a fold to make that's a valley fold on top (and a mountain fold below. Amazing!)
5. Flop the paper over (away from you, so that now that first valley fold is towards you) and repeat what you did in steps 3 and 4, folding the other mountain fold and
6. the other valley/mountain fold so that your piece is now symetrical.

7. Just a picture to let you compare yours with mine and congratulate yourself on following directions so well up until now.
8. Fold back and forth on the short dashed lines here, and also
9. the short dashed lines here.

10. Open that first valley fold enough to allow you to fold the "neck" back into the "body" along those heavily creased folds from step 8.
11. Pull the head down into the neck.
12. Finished! Your origami seagull needs a rest now and will be quite content to float upon the sea of papers that you use to hide your desk. Maybe now you want to make one without all the lines printed on it, or possibly spend the rest of your lunch break coloring this one. Don't use your blue Bic® pen or your yellow Hi-Liter® unless you are a Fauvist. ;)


Rabu, 27 Mei 2009

Simple Future Tense

The Simple Future is formed with will + the base form of the verb.

affirmative short form

I will > I'll >
You will > You'll >
He will > He'll >
She will > She'll > stay.
It will > It'll >
We will > We'll >
You will > You'll >
They will > They'll >

negative short forms

I will not > I'll not > I won't >
You will not > You'll not > You won't >
He will not > He'll not > He won't >
She will not > She'll not > She won't > stay.
It will not > It'll not > It won't >
We will not > We'll not > We won't >
You will not > You'll not > You won't >
They will not > They'll not > They won't >

Notes on the form of the Simple Future Tense

1. Shall and will

Will is used with all persons, but shall can be used as an alternative with I and we in pure future reference.

Shall is usually avoided with you and I:


You and I will work in the same office.

2. Contractions

Shall weakens to /S@l/ in speech, but does not contract to 'll in writing. Will contracts to 'll in writing and in fluent, rapid speech after vowels (I'll, we'll, you'll, etc.) but 'll can occur after consonants. So we might find 'll used: e.g.

- after names: Tom'll be here soon.

- after common nouns: The concert'll start in a minute.

- after question-words: When'll they arrive?

3. Negatives

Will not contracts to 'll not or won't; shall not contracts to shan't:


We won't or shan't go. (I/We will not or shall not go).

In American English shan't is rare and shall with a future reference is unusual.

4. Future Tense

When we use will/shall for simple prediction, they combine with verbs to form tenses in the ordinary way:


Simple Future: I will see

Future Progressive: I will be seeing

Future Perfect: I will have seen

Future Perfect Progressive: I will have been seeing

Uses of the 'will/shall' future

1. 'Will/shall' for prediction briefly compared with other uses

Will and shall can be used to predict events, for example, to say what we think will happen, or to invite prediction:


Tottenham will win on Saturday.

It will rain tomorrow. Will house prices rise again next year?

I don't know if I shall see you next week.

This is sometimes called 'the pure future', and it should be distinguished from many other uses of will and shall: e.g.


I'll buy you a bicycle for your birthday. [promise]

Will you hold the door open for me please? [request]

Shall I get your coat for you? [offer]

Shall we go for a swim tomorrow? [suggestion]

Just wait - you'll regret this! [threat]

Though all the above examples point to future time, they are not 'predicting'; they are 'coloured' by notions of willingness, etc. Will/shall have so many uses as modal verbs that some grammarians insist that English does not have a pure future tense.

2. 'Will' in formal style for scheduled events

Will is used in preference to be going to when a formal style is required, particularly in the written language:


The wedding will take place at St Andrew's on June 27th. The reception will be at the Anchor Hotel.

3. 'Will/shall' to express hopes, expectations, etc.

The future is often used after verbs and verb phrases like assume, be afraid, be sure, believe, doubt, expect, hope, suppose, think:


I hope she'll get the job she's applied for.

The Present with a future reference is possible after hope:


I hope she gets the job she's applied for.

Lack of certainty, etc. can be conveyed by using will with adverbs like perhaps, possibly, probably, surely:


Ask him again. Perhaps he'll change his mind.

Time adverbials with the 'will/shall' future tense

Some adverbials like tomorrow are used exclusively with future reference; others like at 4 o'clock, before Friday, etc. are used with other tenses as well as the Future:


I'll meet you at 4 o'clock.

Now and just can also have a future reference:


This shop will now be open on June 23rd. (a change of date)

I'm nearly ready. I'll just put my coat on.

I will sing

The simple future tense is often called will, because we make the simple future tense with the modal auxiliary will.
How do we make the Simple Future Tense?

The structure of the simple future tense is:
subject + auxiliary verb WILL + main verb
invariable base
will V1

For negative sentences in the simple future tense, we insert not between the auxiliary verb and main verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and auxiliary verb. Look at these example sentences with the simple future tense:
subject auxiliary verb main verb
+ I will open the door.
+ You will finish before me.
- She will not be at school tomorrow.
- We will not leave yet.
? Will you arrive on time?
? Will they want dinner?

When we use the simple future tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb:
I will I'll
you will you'll
he will
she will
it will he'll
we will we'll
they will they'll

For negative sentences in the simple future tense, we contract with won't, like this:
I will not I won't
you will not you won't
he will not
she will not
it will not he won't
she won't
it won't
we will not we won't
they will not they won't
How do we use the Simple Future Tense?
No Plan

We use the simple future tense when there is no plan or decision to do something before we speak. We make the decision spontaneously at the time of speaking. Look at these examples:

* Hold on. I'll get a pen.
* We will see what we can do to help you.
* Maybe we'll stay in and watch television tonight.

In these examples, we had no firm plan before speaking. The decision is made at the time of speaking.

We often use the simple future tense with the verb to think before it:

* I think I'll go to the gym tomorrow.
* I think I will have a holiday next year.
* I don't think I'll buy that car.


We often use the simple future tense to make a prediction about the future. Again, there is no firm plan. We are saying what we think will happen. Here are some examples:

* It will rain tomorrow.
* People won't go to Jupiter before the 22nd century.
* Who do you think will get the job?


When the main verb is be, we can use the simple future tense even if we have a firm plan or decision before speaking. Examples:

* I'll be in London tomorrow.
* I'm going shopping. I won't be very long.
* Will you be at work tomorrow?

WSM Image
Note that when we have a plan or intention to do something in the future, we usually use other tenses or expressions, such as the present continuous tense or going to.


Senin, 25 Mei 2009


Advertisement is information for persuad and motivate a people so that it will anracted. Them to the service and things that are affered.

Function advertisement are :
- Promotion
- Communication
- Information

In making advertisement, keep the following points :
1. Language of advertisement

* Using the correct or suitable world
* Using the interesting expression and suggestive
* Using positive cannotations
* Text of advertisement snold directly to the go

2. Advertisement content

* Objective and hanest
* Brief and clear
* Don't to allude group and to other producer
* Attractive attention


News Item

Is a report of recent occurences; information of something that has lately taken place, or of something before unknown; recent information about specific and timely events.

Other definition

* Information about recent events or happenings, espespecially as reported by newspapaers, periodical, radio, or television.

Special Function

* To inform read or listener or viewer about events of the day which are considered news worth or important.

Generic Structure

1. News worthy event:
* Recount the event in summary form.

2. Background event:
* Elaborate what happened, to whom I what circumstances.

3. Source:
* Comments by participants in witness and authorities expert on the event.

4. Form:
· Using simple present & past tense (but generally prefers simple present tense)


• Short, brief information about story captured in head line.
• Use material process to retell the event.
• Using saying verbs like say, tell, inform.
• Focus on circumstances.
• Use of projecting verbal process in source stager.
• Using action verbs, like, escape, go, run.

Example (a brief sentence cut of some news item):

1. His family has had no news of his whereabouts for months.
2. The job requirements were news to him.
3. The news of the famous actor’s death was greatly exaggerated.


Sabtu, 23 Mei 2009

Gratitude, Compliment, and Congratulation

Gratitude, the way to said thank you to other people.

  • è To express gratitude you can say :
  • * Thank you
  • * I’m greatful
  • * I want to thank …
  • *I want to express my gratitude to …
  • * I keep forgetting to thank you for ..

  • è Respone of expressing :
  • * You are welcome
  • * Don’t mention it
  • * Not at all
  • * It was nothing at all
  • * No problem
  • * Glad to be help

Congratulation, to said “good” for other people.

è To express congratulation you can say :

* Let me congratulate you

* Congratulation on your success

* Good

* That’s great

* Isn’t that wonderful

* How fortunate

* Splendid

* Prety good

è Respone of expressing :

* Thank you

* Thanks, I needed that

* That’s very kind of you

* You’ve made my day

* Some to you


Example congratulation :

Dialogue 1 :

Ais : Who won the football match yesterday?

Ari : Our team did. We won three to one

Ais : Congratulation. I’m glad to hear it

Ari : Thank you

Dialoge 2:

Milda : Happy birthday, Marry. Many happy return of the day

Eri : Thank you, Milda. You are the first me who congratulates me

Milda : Oh realy? Here is a little present for you. I hope you like it.

Eri : Thank you very much. You are realy my best friend.

Compliment, to give praising to other people. Some people use compliment to “better up” some day or to flatter in order increase good will.

You compliment some one, for example :

  • Ø On his / her general appearance

  • Ø If you notice something new about the person’s appearance

  • Ø When you visit someone’s

  • Ø House for the first time

  • Ø When other people do their best

è Expressing :

* What a nice dress

* You look great

* You look very nice

* Good grades

* Excellent

* Nice work

Gratitude, thankfulness, or appreciation is a positive emotion or attitude in acknowledgment of a benefit that one has received or will receive. The experience of gratitude has historically been a focus of several world religions, and has been considered extensively by moral philosophers such as Adam Smith. The systematic study of gratitude within psychology only began around the year 2000, possibly because psychology has traditionally been focused more on understanding distress rather than understanding positive emotions. However, with the advent of the positive psychology movement, gratitude has become a mainstream focus of psychological research. The study of gratitude within psychology has focused on the understanding of the short term experience of the emotion of gratitude (state gratitude), individual differences in how frequently people feel gratitude (trait gratitude), and the relationship between these two aspects.